May 26, 2023

Decoding Technical Recessions: What They Mean for the Economy in Simple Terms

With news around Germany sliding into a Technical recession, here's basic explainer.


Economics can be full of complex terms and ideas that may sound intimidating, but they have a big impact on our daily lives. One such term is a "technical recession." In this blog post, let's break down what technical recessions are, what they mean for the economy, and how they affect us in simpler words.

What is a Technical Recession?

A technical recession happens when the economy of a country goes through a decline for six months in a row. It means that the total value of goods and services produced within the country (Gross Domestic Product or GDP) has shrunk for two consecutive quarters. This shrinkage indicates a decrease in economic activity and overall production.

The Implications:

A technical recession has several effects on both individuals and the economy as a whole. Firstly, people tend to spend less money during a recession. We become more careful with our finances, which leads to a decrease in consumer spending. This reduction in spending affects businesses across various industries, making it harder for them to make profits and potentially leading to job cuts.

Furthermore, a recession often leads to more people losing their jobs. When companies face financial challenges, they may have to let go of employees to save money. This creates hardships for individuals and families, as they struggle with unemployment and less money to spend. As a result, the cycle of reduced spending continues, which further impacts the economy.

The Effects on Businesses:

During a recession, businesses face tough times. With fewer people spending money, companies find it difficult to make enough sales and generate revenue. This decrease in revenue means that businesses have less money to invest in growing their operations, developing new products, or improving their services.

Additionally, companies that rely on borrowing money may face additional challenges during a recession. Lenders become more cautious and tighten their lending rules. This means that businesses find it harder to get loans or access credit, which makes it even more challenging for them to grow or recover during tough economic times.

Government Intervention and Policy:

To counter the negative effects of a recession, governments take action. They introduce measures to boost the economy and help businesses and individuals. These measures can include things like tax cuts or increasing government spending on infrastructure projects. The aim is to encourage spending, build confidence, and motivate businesses to invest and create jobs.

Central banks, which are in charge of managing a country's money supply, also play a role in fighting recessions. They can lower interest rates to encourage people and businesses to borrow and invest. Central banks can also inject money into the economy by buying financial assets from banks. These actions help stimulate economic growth and support businesses and consumers during challenging times.


Technical recessions, which occur when the economy shrinks for six months in a row, have significant effects on individuals, businesses, and the economy as a whole. Reduced consumer spending, lower profits for companies, increased unemployment, and limited access to credit are some of the consequences we experience during recessions. However, governments and central banks have tools at their disposal to lessen the impact and promote economic recovery.

Understanding technical recessions is important for grasping the overall economic situation. By staying informed about economic indicators and the steps taken to address recessions, we can make better financial decisions and navigate uncertain times with more confidence.

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